Blog

Computer-assisted data collection can help improve data validity

Much has been written about the challenges of social desirability bias in self-reported measures. In order to alleviate this, our study team is using computer-assisted interviewing to survey our MAISHA study participants. We are using computer tablets that are equipped with audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) software. With an ACASI modality, our team is ableContinue reading “Computer-assisted data collection can help improve data validity”

Dr. Manavalan investigates hypertension prevalence among adult patients with HIV

Dr. Preeti Manavalan has been a member of the Option B+ study team since 2017, when she joined the team during the research year of her Infectious Diseases fellowship at Duke to help with data collection, analysis, and dissemination of findings. As a Fogarty Global Health Fellow, Dr. Manavalan is completing a year of researchContinue reading “Dr. Manavalan investigates hypertension prevalence among adult patients with HIV”

Team presents Option B+ and Stigma studies at National AIDS Control Program meeting in Arusha

From December 3-5, researchers, policy makers, government officials, and stakeholders involved in HIV work met in Arusha, Tanzania to share and discuss strategies, guidelines, innovations, and research findings on HIV and AIDS. The goal of the meeting was to disseminate the health sector HIV and AIDS guidelines and strategies, to share innovations and research findingsContinue reading “Team presents Option B+ and Stigma studies at National AIDS Control Program meeting in Arusha”

Congratulations, Dr. Rogathi!!

We are thrilled to celebrate the graduation of our study coordinator, Dr. Jane Rogathi, who received her PhD in Epidemiology (Public Health) from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College on November 17. Jane completed her thesis research on intimate partner violence and depression affecting women during pregnancy and after childbirth. The study was based in antenatalContinue reading “Congratulations, Dr. Rogathi!!”

Dr. Watt’s study in South Africa lends insight into disclosure challenges for pregnant women with HIV

In 2015, Dr. Melissa Watt received a small grant from the Duke Center for AIDS Research to explore HIV care engagement for women initiating ART during pregnancy in Cape Town, South Africa. This research, conducted in collaboration with researchers at the University of Cape Town, helped lay the foundation for the team’s current work inContinue reading “Dr. Watt’s study in South Africa lends insight into disclosure challenges for pregnant women with HIV”

Team launches new stigma study

The Option B+ Team continues to make great progress as we wrap up our 12-month follow-up of cohort participants and continue data analysis. Preliminary findings have helped us to better understand the challenges pregnant and postpartum women face, and demonstrate the need to address stigma among pregnant women navigating prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services.Continue reading “Team launches new stigma study”

Godfrey Kisigo attends the Global Reproductive Health Leadership Symposium at Duke

Our study coordinator, Godfrey, visited Duke at the end of February to attend the Global Reproductive Health Leadership Symposium. The goal of the symposium was to bring researchers from DGHI priority partner locations in East and South Africa together with their mentors and other Duke faculty, students, and trainees “to strengthen research capacity, develop leadershipContinue reading “Godfrey Kisigo attends the Global Reproductive Health Leadership Symposium at Duke”

Systematic review on retention in HIV care under Option B+ published in JAIDS

As we follow our cohort of HIV-infected women in Tanzania, it is important for us to place our research within the broader context of Option B+ implementation across Africa. Our team conducted the first systematic review synthesizing the growing body of literature describing the PMTCT care cascade in the Option B+ era in Africa. The reviewContinue reading “Systematic review on retention in HIV care under Option B+ published in JAIDS”

Two Option B+ abstracts presented at AIDS Impact Conference in Cape Town

Option B+ team members Melissa Watt and Cody Cichowitz traveled to Cape Town, South Africa to present at the AIDS Impact Conference, an international behavioral and psychosocial science conference addressing issues related to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and care. Cody gave two oral presentations reflecting work from the B+ cohort and analysis of Kilimanjaro region medicalContinue reading “Two Option B+ abstracts presented at AIDS Impact Conference in Cape Town”

Lilian Chumba presents facility-level data at the DGHI Student Showcase

As part of the Masters of Science in Global Health program at the Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI), students complete a faculty-mentored, field-based research experience between the first and second years of their program. The Option B+ team was lucky to have a wonderful MSc student, Dr. Lilian Chumba, join the team during her timeContinue reading “Lilian Chumba presents facility-level data at the DGHI Student Showcase”

Dr. Watt and Dr. Mmbaga attend Women Leaders in Global Health Conference

Study PIs Dr. Melissa Watt and Dr. Blandina Mmbaga traveled together to Stanford University to attend the 2017 Women Leaders in Global Health Conference. According to conference organizers, the one-day meeting was inspired “by the large and growing number of women in global and public health, and frustration about the lack of diversity and representationContinue reading “Dr. Watt and Dr. Mmbaga attend Women Leaders in Global Health Conference”

Farewell to Cody in Moshi

It was a bittersweet goodbye as the Tanzania team said farewell to Cody Cichowitz, who spent the last year in Moshi working on the project as a Doris Duke International Clinical Research Fellow. The fellowship program, sponsored by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, supports the training and professional development of the next generation of clinicalContinue reading “Farewell to Cody in Moshi”

DGHI/KCMC symposium addresses mother-to-child HIV transmission

On May 26, 2017, the Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) co-hosted a symposium at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC) in Moshi, Tanzania, where research teams shared their ongoing projects related to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Tanzania.  The symposium brought together a range of stakeholders to discuss findings and considerContinue reading “DGHI/KCMC symposium addresses mother-to-child HIV transmission”

Dr. Watt and Dr. Ngocho sharpen their implementation science skills

Dr. James Ngocho visited the Duke team in Durham for a few days before traveling with Dr. Melissa Watt to Seattle to attend an intensive course in the Fundamentals of Implementation Science in Global Health, hosted by the University of Washington Department of Global Health. Over five days, the course covered a variety of topicsContinue reading “Dr. Watt and Dr. Ngocho sharpen their implementation science skills”

First participants enrolled in the Option B+ study cohort

It is an exciting time for the Option B+ team, as our cohort data collection is now underway! Our first participants were enrolled at the end of July, 2016 and completed their baseline surveys. Patients in the cohort are HIV-infected and are either initiating or continuing antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy. Baseline surveys are conductedContinue reading “First participants enrolled in the Option B+ study cohort”

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